Sun loving, easy to care for and drought resistant, the ornamental pistachio is a desirable addition to a backyard in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 9. Highly recommended for many years by horticultural experts at Texas A&M, Oklahoma State and Kansas State universities, this native of China possesses a number of The female trees bear tiny red fruit that turns dark blue. Secondly, shaping and pruning your tree when it's young may be necessary to encourage proper branch spacing and structure and for best crown development. The peeling grey-brown bark contains an inner layer of salmon-colored bark. A plant that produces a large amount of fruit may be a desirable ornamental feature or be used to feed wildlife. The Chinese pistachio tree could be described as the pretty sister, planted for its looks rather than its crop. Which characteristics are most important when choosing a tree to shade and beautify your home? Both sexes of Chinese pistache bloom in the spring before the leaves emerge. without such pruning however, the vast majority of pistache will eventually make very nicely shaped trees on their own. And, only some of trees are loaded with berries in late fall. The Chinese pistache is a close relative of the pistachio nut tree (Pistacia vera), but is much more cold hardy. SMUD Availability: Yes Size: Medium Height: 30-45 ft Width: 30-45 ft Water Needs: Low. It tolerates a wide range of conditions, including drought, heat, and alkaline soils. Prune your Chinese pistache in early spring after the last hard frost has passed but before new green growth is evident. Pistacia chinensis (English: Chinese pistache; Chinese: 黄連木; pinyin: huángliánmù) is a small to medium-sized tree in the genus Pistacia in the cashew family, Anacardiaceae, native to central and western China. The Chinese tallow tree was introduced into the United States from China growth. How Long Does It Take an Osage Orange Tree to Produce Fruit? Trees 6–8 feet in height, trunk diameter of 1.5 inches, are probably the ideal size for most homeowners to purchase. While other trees are colorless and entering dormancy, the Chinese Pistache is shining bright with multiple shades of reds, oranges, and yellows. First, to realize the “Earth–Kind” goal of attractive, The genus was classified by Linnaeus who named it from the ancient Persian name for its nuts, pista. resistance to insect and disease problems. First, young pistache in Buy direct from the grower, the famed Keith Davey Pistache. World traveler, professional writer and consummate gardener, Spengler earned a BA from U.C. Though it will tolerate partial shade, this deciduous tree truly thrives and looks its best when planted in full sun. Chinese pistache can be either male or female (just like many of the entertainers downtown). Compound leaves offer … Santa Cruz, a law degree from Berkeley's Boalt Hall, and an MA and MFA from San Francisco State. Rio Grande Valley. An improved variety of the Chinese Pistache. Some careful structural pruning may also be necessary in the early years to develop an even canopy and proper branch spacing. Trees and shrubs are usually selected for landscape use based on their ornamental features, such as spring flowers, fall color, and fruit. It generally grows approximately 30 feet tall and wide, offering an umbrella canopy thick with shady green leaves that blush vibrant scarlet in autumn. The best features of Chinese Pistache are the fall color it offers with orange leaves, followed by clusters of salmon berries. Compound leaves offer … If this piques your interest, read on for additional Chinese pistache facts and care of Chinese pistache. If you are looking for a tree suitable for a xeriscape landscape, one with ornamental attributes which also fulfills a valuable niche for wildlife, look no further than the Chinese pistache tree. in your landscape, this “ugly duckling” will have been magically transformed into a most “beautiful swan” as its canopy develops and begins to Winter hardy to central Kansas, the pistache forms a spreading, umbrella–like canopy which at maturity is 40–50 feet high with a width of 30 feet. Foliage that remains an attractive, deep green color during the growing season, even in the rocky, highly alkaline, horribly abused soils common to many new home Chinese pistache can be used as a single specimen or along a driveway lining one or both sides for a spectacular display. oak wilt threatening live and red oaks in many areas of Texas, there is an urgent need for more diversity in tree species being planted in our state. Chinese tallow is very invasive. The Chinese pistachio's berries are drupes used by the tree to propagate. In addition to its Rest assured that after 5–6 years of tender loving care brilliance, this tree is also one of the most dependable sources of fall color in the lower South. These fruit clusters make This is One of the best shade trees growing 40 ft high and 25 to 35 ft wide; A grafted tree with vibrant red color in fall with no berries; A Belmont Nursery original Signature Plant How Long Does It Take for Tangerines to Ripen? While related to the pistachio tree, this species does not produce nuts. a wet winter). excellent table decorations. Even an ideal size to provide shade, enframement and background for single–story homes. Only females bear fruit, which some people find a little messy. Birds can carry the seeds far and wide, which has allowed this tree to invade wild areas. The pistache is superbly adapted to all areas of Texas except the Rio Grande Valley. The Chinese Pistache is spreading like wildfire because its blazing fall foliage can’t be matched. You can't eat them, but your neighborhood birds partake happily. productive plants, with minimum effort but maximum protection for the environment, an enlightened selection of plant materials is crucial. The Chinese pistache tree (Pistacia chinensis) is often used for landscaping in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 6 through 9. Native to China, this species is now commonly available for landscape plantings in Texas. All species of trees and shrubs produce some type of flowers and fruit, but not all of them are showy. November when most pistache are exhibiting their fall color. It will lose its leaves as days shorten but you can enjoy the textured bark during the winter season. There can be seedling variation in fall color of pistache, with color intensity normally ranging from good to spectacular. Though called the “Ugly duckling” of the tree world because of its sometimes shape in its youth, this tree grows into one of the most beautifully shaped trees around. inches high, 4 feet in diameter. These red berries are attractive in wreaths and bouquets. Extremely hard, durable wood, which is also very decay resistant, helps protect tree from wind, ice and vandal injury. The Chinese pistachio's berries are drupes used by the tree to propagate. Once established, it is very drought, wind, and heat tolerant. Best fall color show in our region! From Alaska to California, from France's Basque Country to Mexico's Pacific Coast, Teo Spengler has dug the soil, planted seeds and helped trees, flowers and veggies thrive. And while inedible for humans, the fruit is relished by birds. The name is unusual but the performance is Interesting Facts: The fleshy part of the fruit is rich in "saponins," and was used by Native Americans as a soap substitute; the seeds were used to make necklace beads. The wood is also very hard and rot resistant. Keith Davey Chinese Pistache Pistacia chinensis 'Keith Davey' Sku #9566. The first shade tree to receive the coveted “Earth–Kind” designation from the Texas Agricultural Extension Service for its high levels of genetic Chinese Pistache is fast becoming a favorite deciduous shade tree for both landscapers and homeowners alike! Young trees will probably need staking and grow slowly for the first three to five years after planting. Pistacia chinensis, or Chinese Pistache, is fast growing to be a favorite in Oklahoma. The best features of Chinese pistache are the fall color it offers with orange leaves, followed by clusters of salmon berries. 5–gallon containers (a nice size to purchase) are often rather awkward and gangling in appearance. What Trees Are Known for Their Beautiful Autumn Colors? The tree is a backyard jewel, a lovely ornamental with astonishing fall colors, but the fruit should be eaten only by birds. So what is the best medium–size shade tree for most areas of Texas. This is not the pistache of commerce but an ornamental tree native to China where it is little used except in the traditional pharmacopoeia. Pistache will not tolerate “wet feet.” So if battling a heavy clay soil which doesn't drain well, it's best to construct and plant in a raised bed 6 Mulch immediately after planting. Chinese Pistache berries aren't safe for human consumption, but the birds go crazy for them and are a great food source when food is scarce in the coldest months. Gardeners with small children may prefer to plant a sterile male cultivar, such as "Keith Davey.". Water only when top inch of soil is dry (this may be weekly during a dry summer but only rarely during The crown is quite round and symmetrical on older specimens when grown in full sun but becomes misshapen in too much shade - best for full sun areas. Gardeners love Chinese pistache trees (Pistacia chinensis) for their graceful structure and vivid fall color.Many plant these deciduous trees to enjoy their fiery foliage. The male inflorescence has tight, clustered branches about 2 1/2 inches long. In this case, the solution is to plant a male selection called 'Keith Davey.' Once established, it is very drought, wind, and heat tolerant. Branches form a nicely shaped, umbrella-like crown of lustrous green, pinnately divided foliage that turns brilliant orange-crimson to scarlet as autumn progresses. Some cultivars shoot up to 65 feet. The pistache is superbly adapted to all areas of Texas except the Heritage Seedlings offers seedlings of this tree and Forest Farm has offered it in the past. This timing will preserve fall color, berries for wildlife forage and prevent the tree from suffering pruning and drought stress during the heat of Texas summers. Birds can carry the seeds far and wide, which has allowed this tree to invade wild areas. Fall planting (September through November) is best. Very acceptable growth rate for such a long–lived species, with 2–3 feet of growth possible each year with good management. Regarded by many knowledgeable horticulturists as one of the most beautiful, pest free and easily maintained shade trees for the Southwest and Gulf Coast regions. Secondly, with the specter of Nice round shape, and a low water user. Superior drought, heat and wind tolerance once tree is established (that is, after 2 or 3 growing seasons). Beginning early next spring, make light but frequent applications of fertilizer. The Chinese Pistache is a close relative of the pistachio nut tree. This species is planted as a street tree in temperate areas worldwide due to its attractive fruit and autumn foliage. The wood is very hard and rot resistant. Monrovia: Chinese Pistachio (Pistacia Chinensis), Missouri Botanical Garden: Pistacia Chinensis, Trees With Long Green-Bean-Looking Growths. Select a planting site in full sun, and at least 15 feet from your home to provide sufficient room for future Fruit set, only on female trees, consisting of clusters of small, round green berries which turn red to reddish–purple in the fall. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. mature. Common Name: Chinese Pistache: Latin Name: Pistacia chinensis: Tree Size: Medium: Leaf Type: Deciduous : Growth Rate: Rapid A favorite specimen tree for spectacular fall foliage! Fruit set, only on female trees, consisting of clusters of small, round green berries which turn red to reddish–purple in the fall. An extremely tough, durable and adaptable medium-size tree which is tolerant of both urban and rural conditions. However, if a male Chinese pistache is planted nearby, a female tree will develop clumps of ornamental, inedible bright red berries in fall that turn blue-purple in winter and are a source of food for birds. special advantages: Although considered by many experts to be near perfect for this area of the U.S., the Chinese pistache does have a couple of minor faults. It is a small deciduous tree that typically grows to 30-35’ (less frequently to 60’) tall with an oval rounded crown. Shop 5.5-gallon chinese pistache shade tree in pot (l1089) in the trees section of Lowes.com An extremely tough, durable and adaptable medium-size tree which is tolerant of both urban and rural conditions. Outstanding adaptability, with beautiful specimens growing form Amarillo to El Paso to Houston. Separate male and female trees; females have small, pink berries. Botanically it is known as Pistacia chinensis. Chinese pistache are dioecious, meaning each tree is either male or female. outstanding; it's called the Chinese pistache (pronounced pis–tash'). Fruit production is part of the plant’s natural development. Sheep and goats have been known to eat the leaves of Chinese tallow, but the plant is toxic to cattle (Jubinsky & Anderson 1996; Russell et al. So what is the best medium–size shade tree for most areas of Texas? Chinese pistache. Chinese pistache trees are diocious, meaning there are male and female trees. Sku #6570. Spectacular fall color in shades of orange, red–orange and even crimson, often rivaling the show of sugar maples in the Northeast. At this time, you can easily select a specimen with the most attractive foliage coloration. She currently divides her life between San Francisco and southwestern France. berries is poisonous to animals (Redlus 1997). Medium to fine textured foliage (an asset in smaller landscapes) that creates a light–textured shade pattern. References. You are correct that Chinese pistache are dioecious, meaning male and female parts are on separate trees. However, if you see your Chinese pistache tree losing leaves during the growing season, there’s a problem. What Kind of Tree to Use for Instant Shade? This native from China, Taiwan, and the Philippines is also called by its botanical name Pistacia chinensis, and we love how its clean, dark green umbrella-shaped canopy provides plenty of shade! The Chinese pistache is dioecious: plants are either males producing pollen (with little or no allergenic qualities) or female producing attractive (but inedible) berries that attract birds. sites across Texas. 1969). Given this complex balancing act, the Chinese pistache ... (but inedible) berries that are attractive to birds. (1) Chinese Pistache grows quickly in full sun to partial shade on moderately fertile, well-drained soils and will withstand heat and drought extremely well. Pistacia chinensis, commonly called pistachio or Chinese pistache, is native to China, Taiwan and the Philippines. They look as red and shiny as the apple Eve tasted in Eden, which should give you a hint about the wisdom of eating the berries of a Chinese pistachio (Pistacia chinensis). It will lose its leaves as days shorten but you can enjoy the textured bark during the winter season. Chinese pistache (Pistacia chinensis) has similar leaves that turn orange or red in the fall with red clusters of berries. Plain old Chinese pistache is widely available at garden and home centers. Male and female Chinese pistachio trees bloom in April. Amazing Fall Color & Easy-Growing Shade Why Chinese Pistache Trees? Female trees, if planted close enough to a male tree for pollination, produce a multitude of berries as red as Rudolph's nose, which turn blue as winter progresses. 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