Derrida was credited as the inventor of "deconstruction", the practice of dismantling texts by revealing their assumptions and contradiction (O'Gorman, 2006, p. 50). N2 - This chapter discusses Weil’s criticisms of personalism and of an ethics of rights, given in her essay on Human Personality, and compares them with similar ideas of Levinas and Derrida. In contemporary discourses on cosmo-political hospitality, contributions of Derrida, and especially of Levinas, have special significance on account of the vision, scale and relevance of their discussions on the theme, in the context of an increasingly globalizing international scene, and the consequent global encounter with diversity. In fact, he either withdrew from, or was forced out of at least two schools during his childhood simply on account of being Jewish. The late French philosopher Jacques Derrida’s Of Hospitality deals with the question of the foreigner, or the stranger (Derrida’s French term etrangér covers both concepts); a question which primarily addresses the host more than the guest. Winner of the R. H. Gapper Book Prize 2011. In this way it breaks with the law and the (asylum) right, and does not refer to duty. On the one hand, there is the law Derrida's taking it to the limit when he works over a 8 J.D.-FOREIGNER QUESTION war internal to the logos, that is the foreigner's ques­ tion, the double question, the altercation of father and parricide. Hospitality is viewed as a question of what arrives at the borders, in the initial surprise of contact with an other, a stranger, a foreigner. Undeniably the text requires much of its reader, but on the other hand it also invites the reader as a main character – and at a linguistic level strives to show the hospitality that is the thematic focal point of the text. , In 1996, in his essay On Cosmopolitanism, Derrida wrote about the rights of asylum-seekers, refugees, and immigrants, paying attention to practical proposals as well as general principles. For Derrida, the logic of the concept of hospitality is governed by an absolute antinomy or aporia. Derrida and Hospitality Theory and Practice. Here the guest is forced to ask for hospitality in a language which, in a broad sense, is not her own. In this sense the host is the deficient being who views himself as a parasite – and eagerly encourages the awaited guest to step inside as the host of the host. Rachel Bowlby (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2000), 15–17. This does not mean that classical hospitality, for instance the struggle for the right to asylum for certain migrants, should be discredited. To learn about our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see our Cookie Policy. Drawing on Derrida, the author delineates two aspects of educational hospitality: hospitality without determinacy and hospitality as self-surrender. Derrida distinguishes between to kinds of hospitality: The conditional hospitality, which is grounded in the law and the right, for instance the asylum right. Hospitality is critically important in Derrida's writings, and his insights in this have been influential across a range of disciplines from geography, politics and sociology to literary studies and philosophy. My article focuses on the ethics of hospitality with particular reference to Jacques Derrida’s contribution to it. hospitality so much that one cannot speak of ethics without speaking of 5 See Force of Law: The “Mystical Foundation of Authority.” 6 Derrida, Of Hospitality, 29. HOSTIPITALITY. At other times, it … 66–69; and (7) J. Derrida (2002), “Hospitality,” in Acts of Religion, edited and with an introduction by Gil Anidjar (New … PY - 2017/10/9. Derrida, hospitality and religion When considering hospitality, for Derrida the ‘oth- erness’ referred to ‘the other, the newcomer, the guest’; interrogating humanity’s ethical relation- ship with itself, receptiveness and in relationship with others: strangers, foreigners, immigrants and friends—guests. Rachel Bowlby, (Stanford, California: Stanford University Press), pp. Derrida’s Concept of Differance By Nasrullah Mambrol on March 22, 2016 • ( 2). Some helpful things to read when writing this k; of hospitality - Derrida, The End of Human Rights: Critical Thought at the Turn of the Century - Douzinas, and there are a few other secondary sources that better explain Derrida's interpretation of conditional vs. unconditional hospitality. He focuses on Oedipus' placing of trust in the Athenian ruler, Theseus, and his anticipation of the impossibility of being mourned by Antigone and Ismene, the daughters to whom the secret of his deathplace, known to Theseus, is not to be divulged. These two lectures by Jacques Derrida, 'Foreigner Question: Come from Abroad' and 'Step of Hospitality/No Hospitality', derive from a series of seminars on 'hospitality' conducted by Derrida in Paris, January 1996. December 26, 2018 Where do you come from? , Comment Closed, November 14, 2018 While Derrida woul… Y1 - 2017/10/9. , The foundational concepts of philosophy enclose the logos , and reason, within a sort of 'closure.' 3-18. In this video, I take an introductory look at the philosophy of Jacques Derrida and Deconstruction. In Of Hospitality, Derrida used Sophocles' Oedipus at Colonus to think about the suppliant exile, Oedipus, as an old man seeking to die in his own way in a foreign country. , It revolves around anambiguous phrase “plus d’un,” which could be translated inEnglish as “more than one,” “more of one,” or“no more one.” On the one hand, this phrase means that inauto-affection, even while it is “auto,” the same, thereis more … Jacques Derrida and Anne Dufourmantelle, Of Hospitality: Anne Dufourmantelle Invites Jacques Derrida to Respond, trans. Accept. I wrote a Derrida hospitality K on this topic for UTNIF. In his approach to the concept hospitality Derrida deconstructs the relation between host and guest through poetic and political philosophy that draws on characters and philosophers such as Lot, Oedipus, Socrates, Kant and Levinas. There is no hospitality, in the classical sense of the term, without the sovereignty of the person who offers hospitality in his or her house. Raising these issues today, over ten years after Derrida’s death, we will all be aware of their relevance to events and circumstances filling our newspapers. 3, pp. Log in Register Recommend to librarian ... Book summary page views. What I discuss here all too briefly could be called a summary a Derrida’s notion of cosmopolitanism. It must keep its relation to the conditional hospitality and be manifested in the concrete law, and right – which on the other hand has to seek inspiration in the unconditional hospitality. This allows the host to come up with questions that the guest must answer faithfully according to the law: What is your name? In this perspective the guest is viewed as a liberator that brings the keys to the prison of the nation or the family. For Derrida, the "pervertibility" of law of hospitality arises from the complicity between traditional hospitality, hospitality in the current sense, and power. Angelaki: Vol. For to be what it “must” be, hospitality must not pay a debt, or be governed by a duty: it is gracious, and “must” not open itself to the guest [invited or visitor], either “conforming to duty” or even, to use the Kantian distinction again, “out of duty.”. Thus the stranger is the crucial character in the social order that will otherwise regard her as a parasite. Critical work on hospitality in the wake of Derrida has usually focused – befitting certain political exigencies of our unequal globalised world – on the other ‘stranger’, the … Hospitality is critically important in Derrida's writings, and his insights in this have been influential across a range of disciplines from geography, politics and sociology to literary studies and philosophy. By closing … T1 - Hospitality versus Personalism? The late French philosopher Jacques Derrida’s Of Hospitality deals with the question of the foreigner, or the stranger (Derrida’s French term etrangér covers both concepts); a question which primarily addresses the host more than the guest. Throughout his career, Derrida elaborates on the basic argumentationin many ways. It functions as a way of both thinking about relations between individuals, and analysing the (often inhospitable) reception of outsiders, such as refugees … Abstract. Judith Still sets Derrida's work in a series of contexts including the socio-political history of France, especially in relation to Algeria, and his relationship to other writers, most importantly Hélène Cixous, Luce Irigaray and Emmanuel Levinas – key thinkers of hospitality. Derrida emphasizes that a home must have some kind of opening in order to be a home, meaning that the host must be hospitable to preserve his identity as a host. Check if you have access via personal or institutional login. Winner of the R. H. Gapper Book Prize 2011. It is argued that educational hospitality is underpinned by trust. Get access. But Derrida always uses the argumentation against oneidea, which Derrida calls “the worst” (le pire).We can extract a definition of the worst from “Faith andKnowledge” (Religion, p. 65). Derrida’s aim is not the destruction, but the 'deconstruction' of metaphysics. Or that the unconditional hospitality, which cannot be sustained and inscribed in the law, floats freely in the realm of ideas. A sound teacher–student relationship, the paper concludes, consists in … Weil, Levinas and Derrida on the Encounter with the Other. Book summary views reflect the number of visits to the book and chapter landing pages. , Comment Closed, December 19, 2018 (2000). Hospitality is the relationship between a guest and a host, where in the host receives the guest with goodwill, including the reception and entertainment of guests, visitors, or strangers. We use cookies to improve your website experience. Jacques Derrida was a French philosopher, born in French Algeria on 15 July 1930. by Søren Rafn. In particular, he discussed a proposal, current at that time, to establish cities of refuge that would be open to all, of any nationality or none. Throughout most of Derrida’s work, there lurks an oasis of hospitality, sometimes on the verge of the horizon. The Other Journal, The Seattle School of Theology & Psychology, Wanted: Celebrity and the American Prosperity Preacher, A Vulnerable Trust: Why the Church Shouldn’t Invest in Its Children, The Law of the Gospel: A Review of Philip Cary’s, Eucontamination: A Christian Study in the Logic of Disgust and Contamination. Total views: 0 * 33. This book is a full-length study of hospitality in the writings of Jacques Derrida. 5, No. In contrast, Derrida speaks of an unconditional hospitality which does not demand that the guest’s identity is maintained as, for instance, a foreigner with a motive of asylum, but signifies a radical openness to an absolute, indistinguishable other. Judith Still sets Derrida's work in a series of contexts including the socio-political history of France, especially in relation to Algeria, and his relationship to other writers, most importantly Hélène Cixous, Luce Irigaray and Emmanuel Levinas - key thinkers of hospitality. , Comment Closed, © visAvis 2020. Powered by WordPress & FancyThemes, Anne Dufourmantelle invites Jacques Derrida to respond. by Alan Bass (Chicago: University of … The policy that has lost its relation to this has lost its relation to justice. He was also born into an environment of some discrimination. In other words this classical form of hospitality presupposes (national) sovereignty: It recognizes and tolerates the guest, but it also reminds the guest that she is not in her own house. A tremendous tragedy, since, according to Derrida, ‘displaced persons’ have in common a certain longing for two things: their deaths and their language. Derrida emphasizes that a home must have some kind of opening in order to be a home, meaning that the host must be hospitable to preserve his identity as … For example, Antigone is revisited in light of the question of impossible mourning; Oedipus at Colonus is read via concerns that also apply to teletechnology; the trial of Socrates is brought into conjunction with the televised funeral of François Mitterrand. It is also the place where the question of the foreigner as a question of hospitality is artic­ ulated with the question of being. Louis, chevalier de Jaucourt describes hospitality in the Encyclopédie as the virtue of a great soul that cares for the whole universe through the ties of humanity. The book consists of two texts on facing pages. Here too he evoked a Bibli… AU - Roothaan, A.C.M. 7 Jacques Derrida, Writing and Difference, “Violence and Metaphysics,” trans. In 1930, Derrida was born into a Jewish family in Algiers. The overall goal of this project is to provide readers of Derrida with a sort of reference guide for his discussions on and deconstructive approach to hospitality. Well-recognized for introducing a semiotic analysis form which he called ‘deconstruction’, Derrida is one of the major philosophers concerning postmodern philosophy and post structuralism. (p.85) Derrida uses this image to illustrate what a strange experience it is for Antigone’s father, to die abroad in an unfamiliar country because of a breached law of hospitality. 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