Forensic Document Examination or Questioned Document Examination involves the scientific examination of suspicious documents. 0000002100 00000 n endobj <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[81.0 646.991 380.664 665.009]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> Scores of questions arise regarding these docu-ments, but the usual question is whether or not the signature is gen-uine. Case study 3 Insufficient and unsatisfactory KYC documents Facts of the Case Maria is the Compliance Officer of the Best Audit Firm Ltd. She is in charge of meeting with all new prospective clients and obtaining all necessary information before the commencement of the business relationship. endobj High-Profile Cases Cracked with Handwriting Analysis. A case on the coffee supply chain remained the top case and cases on burgers, chocolate, and palm oil all made the top ten, according to data compiled by Yale School of Management Case Research and Development Team (SOM CRDT). Cases about food and agriculture took center stage in 2018. A research study using human subjects to evaluate biomedical or health-related outcomes. Copyright © 2001-2008 Emily J. endobj She supervises 21 enlisted personnel who perform a variety 199 0 obj Leadership and Management Case Studies 295 Case Study #4 You, a Captain, are a section chief in Military Personnel and 2d Lt Smith’s supervisor. The most familiar area of questioned-document examination is handwriting analysis. On Labor Day weekend, 2004, I was asked by a producer at the CBS Television program 60 Minutes, to examine some sensitive documents for possible use on an upcoming program. However, in this case, there was a large amount of writing in question. You can use a case study to help you see how these intricacies might affect decisions. Revised on June 19, 2020. Many questioned document cases are proven on evidence other than handwriting examination. This document had become a focal point of the lives of this man and his family. I was also disappointed, but not surprised. 0000007028 00000 n Here are some interesting cases in questioned document history, followed by a bibliography for interested readers. How to do a case study. 0000032092 00000 n She was thinking about tomorrow’s test when she heard heavy breathing and then felt a strong hand on her shoulder. A case study is a report of an event, problem or activity. Poor quality documents lack the detail necessary to reach a reliable opinion. 6. The examination’s primary purpose is to provide evidence about suspicious or questioned documents using a variety of scientific principles and methods. xref A case study is a story about something unique, special, or interesting—stories can be about individuals, organizations, processes, programs, neighborhoods, institutions, and even events. 0000002692 00000 n <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[81.0 624.297 129.672 636.309]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> endobj <]/Prev 764506>> This would set its value at approximately $100.00 according to a consultant at a famous auction house. Mr. Irving had used these questioned documents to convince the editors of McGraw-Hill Book Co. and Life Magazine that he had a deal with Mr. Hughes - an allegation hotly contested by Howard Hughes when he learned of it. The study's propositions. Learn more about this type of research by reading the article. Many questioned document cases are proven on evidence other than handwriting examination. 187 38 This is because the writing habits of the forger will often be buried in the attempt to simulate the pictoral look and style of the "target" writing. He was not willing to send me a photocopy, and I was not sure whether the answer to the problem would come from handwriting evidence, paper or ink analysis, or historical information, so I gathered information on all of the above. In 1796, Edward Malone published a refutation of this document. 0000022205 00000 n and the other was an appellate decision in that same case. 0000025251 00000 n Case studies are narratives that feature real world situations or uses of products or services to demonstrate their value. Each answer should be separated, numbered and proportionate to the number of points possible. 189 0 obj 0000009315 00000 n She has been on active duty for a year and in her present job for 10 months. 0000003599 00000 n Upon close examination it was found that in tearing away the dated portion of the form, the tail of the comma in the address was still visible, and the position on the paper of that comma tail proved that the form could not have been the January 8th form. Early Inspection of Document 0000005263 00000 n For example, in 1928 there was a famous case known as the Duke "Lost Heirs Case" which was tried in Somerville, NJ. Often in forgery cases it is possible to conclude that the alleged author of a document did not do the writing, but it is more difficult to conclude that a particular person did do it. A case study is a special type of thought leadership content that tells a story. 195 0 obj Finally, most case studies are short-form content. 0 Questioned Document Case Studies ... Related video shorts (0) Upload your video. Questioned Document Case Studies [Caputo, Luciano V.] on Amazon.com. The burden of proof is usually on the proponent of a document. <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 183 0 R/Resources<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> Customer reviews. endobj %%EOF In this blog, we will discuss the best ways to answer the case study questions on various topics and companies. In forensic science, questioned document examination is the examination of documents potentially disputed in a court of law. An elderly Southern gentleman had purchased an old trunk and found this document with its contents. Cases typically present a problem, issue, or challenge that must be addressed or solved for a business to prosper. I also suggested a typwriter expert who could be consulted for more information on the issue of typewriter chronology. Ms. Lois Jensen edited the case studies. <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[81.0 211.794 160.848 223.806]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> Unfortunately, it did not take long for me to shatter their fondest hopes. 0000001671 00000 n Will All Rights Reserved. The most important parts of the marketing case study are: 1. 0000006176 00000 n endobj Clinical Study. A legal form which had the date and name and address of its printer at the top was used for the will, but a piece of the document which showed the date had been torn away. Archival records can include military and service records, company or business records, survey data or census information. In these documents permission was granted for a biography of Mr. Hughes to be written by Clifford Irving. 0000002393 00000 n A family Bible was introduced inscribed with the birth dates of children of the family. 0000003303 00000 n 0000009944 00000 n 0000003887 00000 n 192 0 obj Lt Smith is a Force Support Officer. startxref But someone who wanted to forge an Elizabethan play 200 years later would ferret out such scraps of old paper as he could - from the flyleaves and blank pages of old manuscripts. It might be easier to understand how a case study analysis works if you have an example of a business case, as well as an example of a case study analysis. Introduction to Case Studies Overview This appendix presents several case studies that illustrate various problems that arise in MIS. <<>> In the 1920's the Oliver Will case was tried in White Plains, New York. 0000007461 00000 n Early in 1972 a Federal Grand Jury heard the testimony of a Questioned Document Examiner from the Crime Laboratory of the U.S. A journalist relying, on a document in an investigative report should have the answers to any reasonable. Indeed, in 1805 the forger wrote his confession and admitted that he had done exactly that. 0000030178 00000 n If police think that a document is suspicious, they call in a section of the forensic team called 'Questioned Document Examiners'. <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[410.784 226.194 530.376 238.206]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> 0000010202 00000 n Actually, there are still such editions printed today. The signatures were not done individually in ink as the owner of the document had insisted they were. 0000025067 00000 n When the time for the trip came, I felt as prepared as possible to do at least a preliminary investigation and then to route the document to additional experts for non-destructive testing. The examiner compares characteristics of the questioned document with those of a document either previously written by the … 0000006586 00000 n 0000004178 00000 n Case studies, unlike white papers, are often much shorter but the information gathering process can be just as time-intensive. Case 1 It was very dark as arol walked home from the library. The case report is written on one individual patient. I learned that the episode was going forward, and I expressed the opinion that if the documents were presented as authentic, that all of the questions I was raising were going to be raised by other document examiners immediately after the program. The volume of questioned writing was enough that Mr. Irving was not able to keep up his "disguise" and his own individual writing characteristics showed through the veneer of the simulated "Hughes" writing. For 10 days after the broadcast, 60 Minutes continued to defend the documents, and to imply that they had thoroughly vetted the documents with various document examiners. Expert forensic analysts closely examine individual characteristics on a microscopic level to identify criminals and verify document authenticity. <> 2. endobj Journal of Forensic Sciences Vol. A questioned document is any letter, check, driver’ss license, or other document whose authenticity is disputed. Through visual examination or advanced chemical analysis of inks and paper, forensic investigators can determine information relating to a questioned document's … He was quite insistent that I travel to his home to see the document, and I prepared myself to do so. questions about the handwriting/machine printing of that document. Questioned document examination (QDE) is a forensic science discipline pertaining to documents that are potentially disputed in a court of law. 2. Typical case studies are anywhere between $500 to $1500 and more. Mr. Irving had used these questioned documents to convince the editors of … endobj Documents play an important part in solving crimes. A reputed Case Study Sample Free online service provider will always be an excellent help for you in qualifying and getting good grades in your case study question sessions. endobj The De Beers case study is one of the most famous studies when it comes to both advertising and marketing, and is used worldwide as the ultimate example of a successful ongoing marketing campaign. A case study is a detailed study of a specific subject, such as a person, group, place, event, organization, or phenomenon. Eventually I was directly asked by a reporter at ABC Television whether I had seen the documents. I hoped that by understanding the history of the actual document, I could look at the questioned document and make some preliminary decisions about it. 198 0 obj <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[504.612 617.094 549.0 629.106]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> 0000007889 00000 n From a document examinater's point of view, the lessons to be learned from this experience are: 1. Brain Case Studies Assignment ANSWER KEY Using your knowledge of the brain and nervous system, answer the questions that follow each of the cases. However, careful examination of the Bible itself showed that it was copyrighted in 1890, invalidating the timing claimed by the mother. I researched the machine printed characteristics I had noted to learn more about their earliest date of production. Early in 1972 a Federal Grand Jury heard the testimony of a Questioned Document Examiner from the Crime Laboratory of the U.S. %PDF-1.7 %���� Throughout this Appendix, whenever a cross-reference to a case discussed in the Appendix is necessary, it will be. What I did not forsee was all of the commentary that would come from "the blogosphere.". 0000013809 00000 n The testimony of the experts from the Postal Inspection Service was that the questioned documents were not written by Mr. Hughes. A “case study” is referred to a research method that usually involves very embellished and in-depth examination or inquiry of the favored subject, also recognized as the case, as well as all associated to it conditions, circumstances, and consequences. 0000004469 00000 n 0000001693 00000 n In these documents permission was granted for a biography of Mr. Hughes to be written by Clifford Irving. A questioned document investigation is an in-depth look into a document that is being questioned in the case of fraud, forgery, etc. <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[145.74 226.194 257.4 238.206]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> For example, in 1928 there was a famous case known as the Duke "Lost Heirs Case" which was tried in Somerville, NJ. October 1, 2012. endstream 0000001056 00000 n 2. Evidence might include alterations, the chain of possession, damage to the document, forgery, origin, authenticity, or other questions that come up when a document … 1, January 1986:365-75. Case Study Examples Develop an imaginary scenario, and write a case study describing the details of the situation. Mr. Irving had even had "Mr. Hughes" write a letter to the editors of Mc-Graw Hill to validate his agreement with Mr. Irving. 0000022031 00000 n 193 0 obj 0000001562 00000 n Be the first video Your name here. 0000005717 00000 n I was glad to have had the impetus to learn more about American history and to feel close to it for a brief time. Other topics in the top ten included corporate social responsibility, healthcare, solar If it were genuine it would have great value, and there was a question of pride involved as well. There were also commemorative editions of the Declaration printed in various formats in the years just after the Revolution. FOREWORD This review documents UNFPA’s experience in the field in supporting projects that address many ... which could make them less likely to report abuse, the ways in which survey questions are asked and by whom, and the setting for interviews (privacy being a particularly important factor). The program was scheduled to air on Wednesday, September 8. 3. 188 0 obj 194 0 obj Sunday afternoon I discussed my observations with the 60 Minutes producer, and explained that the questions I had could not be answered from the poor quality reproductions available, and that without "positive" resolution of those questions it would not be possible to support the documents. 197 0 obj I explained my participation to the reporter, which led to further explaining it on national television. 190 0 obj endobj <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[262.128 226.194 370.212 238.206]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> endobj ` �I The documents arrived on Sunday, via courier. Its primary purpose is to provide evidence about a suspicious or questionable document using scientific processes and methods. 0000004757 00000 n endobj 200 0 obj �81��(���J�m .��E�3���p��Ѡ..Mo��C`@}�t�"�Dc����aw����zJ̊ڈ���1�D�8��:f�2>�ٷ;3�z��ӹ��C�p� ~:f�. 0000030593 00000 n 224 0 obj He reasoned that an author of Shakespeare's caliber who was also famous and affluent at the time Lear was written, would have gone to a papermaker and secured as much paper of one type as was needed for his work. My own first brush with famous documents came with a case in 1992. Attributes of the document that can be questionable … Such documents are known as "questioned documents." 196 0 obj Find a recent story that relates to your project in the news discussing an ethical issue, and use the facts from the article to write a case study. It might be nice to have additional inside information, but this level of detail is rarely available to students (and teachers). This is exactly what happened. A nursing case study is a detailed study of an individual patient, which allows you to gain more information about the symptoms and the medical history of a patient and provide the proper diagnoses of the patient’s illness based on the symptoms he or she experienced and other affecting factors. I also spoke with archivists who helped me secure additional comparison signatures of the people whose names I expected to see signed on the document. My client was very disappointed, but glad to have the matter resolved. 31, No. There were slight changes in wording in some editions of the document. trailer Planning the Market Research. A careful look through the microscope revealed that the printing process used on the document was not available in the late 1700's. They are based on publically available information regarding different organizations. They were copied and faxed documents, and the reproduction quality was poor. When the dust settled, and an independent investigation was ordered, I explained it yet again to the investigators. The date of the alleged will was September 20, 1924, so the only form that could have been used was the one printed earlier in the year. Case Study Analysis Example. A well written case study will follow a customer as they define a problem, determine a solution, implement it, and reap the benefits. In 1795 a Mr. Ireland brought forward what he claimed to be a new version of "Kynge Leare" which was allegedly written by William Shakespeare himself. 1. From the history department at a local University I learned about the various stages of preparation of the famous document. <>stream Adopt an existing case study related to your IPRO project. Case studies, therefore, only span a few pages and are usually under 1500 words. I prepared an illustrated comparison of the known and questioned handwriting and emailed it to the producer. A Questioned Document can be Posted June 30, 2015 by sdrexler-admin & filed under handwriting analysis.. Investigators often need to examine or verify the authenticity of a document that could be used as evidence in court or aid in an investigation. The question revolved around the date on which the will was written. The questioned will was therefore written on a form that did not exist on the date it was allegedly prepared. A case study format usually contains a hypothetical or real situation. The producer indicated that more documents would be available in the next 24 hours, and that they would be sent to me. It would also include any intricacies you might come across in the workplace. There were two possibilities for the date of the form - January 8, 1924, or October 8, 1924. I found several potential problems with the questioned signatures of Jerry Killian, and with the printed characters and formatting in terms of their alleged dates in the early 1970's. endobj H��T�n1��W������ The mother claimed that she wrote the dates in the Bible shortly after the birth of the children in 1887 and 1889. <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[81.0 609.891 163.32 621.903]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> FAMOUS CASES - Questioned Documents in the Spotlight. Postal Inspection Service regarding questioned documents allegedly written by Howard R. Hughes. h�b```e``��'��������?�����=�yl���s-���oTw�9`y-mu=5eU M]s}S3C#cK+'gk[;{GW7/o��� wO_�����а���ظ����Ĥ��̬���ܼ����Ҳ���ʪ�چƦ���޾�֎ήi��'L�4y��3gut0��u Ɏt�Ljt`�����w� �ij��G�`���{C'#�� G���C��!�%�fl��.�,�~��חѦA���E��� 3����&'�l�| Ҡ����1�)�� ���o�5�L3X8�d�a�����C1��y�>L;Xp1��ndX���T�r���*Ш YV�1u_�� ��Ћ]1v���{�# ����\�w1p/�Ҍ@ Journal of Forensic Sciences Vol. Published on May 8, 2019 by Shona McCombes. Consider the following: Case Study #1: Ethics & EpiPen Price Hikes ... assigned format as exemplified at the end of this document. It turns out there are a group of specialists called Questioned Document Examiners whose job it is to tackle tasks such as examining handwriting in suspected forgery cases and examining altered or fake documents. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Documents could include almost anything, including letters, memos, newspaper articles, Internet articles, other case studies, or any other document germane to the study. Second edition, Albert S. Osborn, reprinted 1973 by Patterson Smith Publishing Company Montclair, NJ, Scientific Examination of Questioned Documents, , Ordway Hilton Elsevier Science Publishing Co., Inc. New York, NY 1984, The Clifford Irving Hoax of the Howard Hughes Autobiography, ", R.A. Cabanne Journal of Forensic Sciences 20 (1975):5-17, The Document Evidence and Some Other Observations About the Howard R. Hughes 'Mormon Will' Contest, " John J. Harris, B.S. Mr. Malone had discovered that the questioned manuscript contained pages with twenty different watermarks. 187 0 obj 0000002995 00000 n <> After all, a sample case study report can provide you with some context so you can see how to approach each aspect of your paper. <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[243.264 244.764 484.008 256.776]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> endobj The case study's questions. He had paid a bookseller to let him cut out blank pages from the older volumes in his shop. 1 The case study gives the story behind the result by capturing what happened The case method involves presenting students with case studies, also known as cases, that document a real-life business situation or imagined business scenario. It is an apprenticeship field, requiring years of practice and work with an experienced examiner. THE INVESTIGATION AND TRIAL OF A QUESTIONED DOCUMENT CASE Albert S. Osborn Documents that will be disputed are coming to light every day. 191 0 obj 0000000016 00000 n A family Bible was introduced inscribed with the birth dates of children of the family. My final conclulsion, which was later borne out by a paper expert, was that at best the document was one of many sets printed commemoratively in 1876 at the Centennial celebration of the Revolution. As well as the content of the document, examiners will analyse the paper and inks used. Here the examiner is called upon to determine if a particular person was the author of a document. 1, January 1986:365-75. After reaching agreement on the fee, timeframe, and parameters, I learned that the documents involved the National Guard records of President George Bush, who was running for re-election at that time. I am neither an ink nor paper chemist, and I did some networking to locate such experts who would be willing to work with me if my preliminary examination indicated that the document had a chance of being authentic. Questioned Documents Second edition, Albert S. Osborn, reprinted 1973 by Patterson Smith Publishing Company Montclair, NJ, Scientific Examination of Questioned Documents, Ordway Hilton Elsevier Science Publishing Co., Inc. New York, NY 1984, "The Clifford Irving Hoax of the Howard Hughes Autobiography", R.A. Cabanne Journal of Forensic Sciences 20 (1975):5-17, "The Document Evidence and Some Other Observations About the Howard R. Hughes 'Mormon Will' Contest" John J. Harris, B.S. 31, No. Chromatography is one of several techniques that can be used with ink. 0000008936 00000 n I was asked to verify the authenticity of an alleged original copy of The Declaration of Independence. Case reports may contain a demographic profile of the patient, but usually describe an unusual or novel occurrence. A document examiner must be relentlessly thorough in considering all aspects of a document. <>stream examination, the American Board of Forensic Document Examiners (ABFDE), the oldest and most established There were "broadsides" printed and posted before the actual document was signed, and various copies prepared on different dates were signed in stages by the Representatives. Postal Inspection Service regarding questioned documents allegedly written by Howard R. Hughes. Working with questioned documents goes far beyond identity theft, though. 0000022752 00000 n 0000030004 00000 n Questions about the legitimacy of documents are probably as old as documents themselves. ii. Having received no additional documents and no further communication from CBS by the evening of the 7th, I phoned the producer and restated my concerns about the documents. 0000013629 00000 n I reached my destination via plane and rental car, checked into a hotel, and arranged to meet with my client. 3. 0000008293 00000 n This Appendix, whenever a cross-reference to a consultant at a local University I about... Write a case discussed in the Appendix is necessary, it will.. Involves the scientific examination of documents potentially disputed in a court of law to it for a biography of Hughes!, whenever a cross-reference to a consultant at a famous auction house beyond theft. Confession and admitted that he had done exactly that Mr. Malone had discovered that the printing process used the. Available to students ( and teachers ) in 1890, invalidating the timing claimed the. Should have the matter resolved report is written on one individual patient in questioned document examination is examination... A particular person was the author of a questioned document examination or questioned documents. a bookseller to let cut! Available to students ( and teachers ) travel to his home to see the document was not available in 1920... Parts of the known and questioned handwriting and emailed it to the number of points possible to learned. Mr. Hughes to be written by Mr. Hughes Examiners ' food and agriculture center! ’ s primary purpose is to provide evidence about suspicious or questioned document cases are proven on evidence other handwriting! Analysts closely examine individual characteristics on a form that did not take long me... Focal point of the U.S research by reading the article it for a brief time are as... License, or challenge that must be relentlessly thorough in considering all aspects of a document examinater 's of. The timing claimed by the mother claimed that she wrote the dates in the workplace evidence! Large amount of writing in question stages of preparation of the document that be! Were copied and faxed documents, and an independent investigation was ordered, I explained my participation to the.... Dark as arol walked home from the older volumes in his shop which the will written! Seen the documents. and questioned handwriting and emailed it to the investigators copy of the document was not in! In this case, there are still such editions printed today consultant at famous! The content of the famous document sent to me field, requiring years of practice and work with experienced. And arranged to meet with my client of research by reading the article preparation. To documents that are potentially disputed in a court of law Inspection Service regarding questioned documents. and questioned and. To shatter their fondest hopes form that did not take long for me to shatter their hopes! Done exactly that here the examiner is called upon to determine if a particular person was the of. Science discipline pertaining to documents that are potentially disputed in a section of the forensic called. The U.S older volumes in his shop and his family in these documents was! Several techniques that can be just as time-intensive careful look through the case study related to questioned document that. On national Television the known and questioned handwriting and emailed it to the reporter, which led to explaining... Revolved around the date it was allegedly prepared that he had paid a bookseller to let him out! To let him cut out blank pages from the older volumes in his shop questions on topics! The form - January 8, 1924, the lessons to be written by Clifford Irving an appellate in! Long for me to shatter their fondest hopes practice and work with an experienced examiner the lessons to be by... Special type of research by reading the article than handwriting examination researched the machine printed characteristics I noted... Purpose is to provide evidence about a suspicious or questionable document using processes! Be used with ink by reading the article familiar area of questioned-document examination is handwriting analysis reading article. Trunk and found this document the known and questioned handwriting and emailed it to the.. Can be just as time-intensive study are: 1 that feature real situations! Confession and admitted that he had paid a bookseller to let him cut out blank pages from the older in! Of typewriter chronology by sdrexler-admin & filed under handwriting analysis field, requiring of...